mercredi 10 juillet 2013

EU and Japan Team Up for 100 Gbps Internet Connections (07/03/13) Dan Worth

A partnership between the European Union and Japan could lead to the creation of more efficient networks that can handle vast amounts of data. Researchers will undertake projects in areas that include cybersecurity, network capacity, storage, high-density data traffic, and energy efficiency. The Strauss project will focus on developing network technologies that offer speeds of 100 Gbps, which is about 5,000 times faster than the average European broadband speed of about 20 Mbps. Currently, 1.7 million billion bytes of data are sent per minute, but traffic volumes are expected to grow 12-fold by 2018, according to the European Commission. Researchers will design an advanced optical Ethernet transport architecture that leverages software-defined networking principles, optical network visualization, and flexible optical circuit and packet-switching technologies beyond 100 Gbps. "Our future Internet should know no barriers, least of all barriers created because we did not prepare for the data revolution," says the EC's Neelie Kroes.

jeudi 4 juillet 2013

Training Intelligent Systems to Think on Their Own

Lehigh University (06/28/13) Kurt Pfitzer 

Lehigh University professor Hector Munoz-Avila has won a three-year U.S. National Science Foundation grant to develop autonomous agents that dynamically identify and select their own goals. Computing devices and software programs already use algorithms to make intelligent decisions, notes Munoz-Avila, who focuses on the incipient field of goal-driven autonomy (GDA) technology. In the near future, Munoz-Avila believes that algorithm-powered agents will analyze complex problems, establish the most effective intermediate goals, and take steps toward long-term solutions. During this process, agents will adjust to unexpected situations and learn from their mistakes without human intervention. "For a long time, scientists have told agents which goals to achieve," Munoz-Avila says. "What we want to do now is to develop agents that autonomously select their own goals and accomplish them." GDA agents could have useful applications in areas such as military planning, robotics, security, and electrical grid control systems. Munoz-Avila's project will focus on enabling GDA agents to acquire more knowledge of their domains and to generalize their success in other applications. He says the importance of GDA agents having the ability to diagnose environmental discrepancies and act intelligently is growing as autonomous computing devices and software proliferate in today's society.